托福作文预测类资料怎么用

时间:2020-07-31 17:50:36

托福作文预测类资料怎么用?高效率使用方法指点 ,今天小编给大家带来了托福作文预测类资料怎么用,希望能够帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

托福作文预测类资料怎么用?高效率使用方法指点

托福作文预测资料有哪些内容?

在介绍托福作文预测的用法之前,考生首先要了解托福作文预测资料里有哪些内容。一般来说,比较常见的托福作文预测资料必然会包含一定数量的作文题目,有些比较细致一些的资料还会带有对写作思路的简单分析,以及对题目意思的基本翻译等等,而如果是综合写作,则还会有对其中阅读和听力部分讲述内容的概括。所以,考生如在使用预测资料前,首先要做的就是挑选一些内容较多较充实,更有学习参考价值的作文预测资料。

托福作文预测资料用法介绍

了解了托福作文预测资料的内容之后,接下来大家要学习托福作文预测资料的合理使用方法。考虑到不同考生在冲刺阶段投入的学习时间可能存在较大差异,小编把大家按照学习时间的多少大致分为两类来分别介绍预测用法:

1. 冲刺备考时间充足的考生

对冲刺阶段备考时间相对充足的考生来说,托福作文预测资料的用法并不需要太多技巧,考生要做的只有一件事,那就是尽可能多的练习和熟悉题目。能够把预测资料中的每道作文题目都实际练习一遍自己动笔写文章或者写个构思框架当然是最好的。

不过这么做除了耗时以外还会耗费大量精力,即便备考时间充足,大家可能也会觉得太过劳累。所以,大家也可以考虑折中做法,不进行写整篇文章的练笔,而是主要以练习写作思路列提纲的方式来提升备考效率。具体做法是每个作文题目都先仔细审题,然后构思一下基本的展开思路,独立写作列出主要论点分论点和论据,综合写作则把基本的转述框架罗列出来。这种方式虽然比不上写完整文章,也足以帮助大家提升对作文题目的熟悉程度,积累相应的写作经验了。

另外,备考时间充足的考生还可以考虑多找一些预测资料中作文题目的范文来学习参考。托福考试举办那么多年,许多题目其实都已经有不少范文流传在外。大家如果能把预测里题目对应的范文找来研究一下,相信也会有更多的收获,无论是词汇句式还是论据素材相信都会对大家有不小的帮助。

2. 冲刺备考时间紧张的考生

相比备考时间充足的考生,考前阶段时间紧张的同学想要发挥出托福作文预测资料的价值需要更为高效合理的方法。由于作文的备考本来就比较消耗时间,所以大家要能够把时间用得更为灵活。具体来说,大家看预测时先要做的不是拿起笔就写,而是先结合预测资料简单的梳理一下。小编推荐大家可以结合预测题找到近2年内的考后回忆类资料,通过对比两者标记出预测题中实际出现过的题目,并且按照出现的次数频率来做一个排序。之后按照数据排序结果从高频到低频来对题目逐一进行进一步的练习研究。通过这种方式缩小预测题的学习使用范围,以确保在之后的实际考试中更有机会遇到这些精心研究学习过的题目。

而在筛选出这些高频作文题目后,考生接下来要做的就是使用和上面备考时间充足考生一样的学习方法了,也就是根据题目找范文然后练笔列提纲。如果备考时间实在紧张大家就直接列提纲的学习。同时大家要注意多积累和补充独立写作需要使用的案例素材类资料,结合不同的题目准备好各类适用的例子论据。这样大家即使投入的时间较少,也同样能为托福写作做好准备工作。

托福综合写作开头段范例

In this argument, the arguer concludes that ______。 To support the conclusion, the arguer points out that______。 In addition, the arguer reasons that_____。This argument suffers from several critical fallacies。

In this argument, the arguer recommends that_____。To justify this claim, the arguer provides the evidence that ____。 In addition, he cites the result of a recent study that _____。 A careful examination of this argument would reveal how groundless the conclusion is。

In this analysis, the arguer claims that ____. To substantiate the conclusion, the arguer cites the example that____. In addition, the arguer assumes that ____. This argument is unconvincing for several critical flaws.

In this argument, the arguer advocates that ____. The recommendation is based on the observation that_____. Meanwhile, the arguer assumes that____. The argument is problematic for two reasons.

The conclusion in this argument is that_____. In support of this prediction, the arguer claims that _____.Moreover, the arguer assumes that_____. This argument is fraught with vague, oversimplified and unwarranted assumptions.

托福写作:加分句型精华

Though it may be difficult to imagine from a later perspective, a strain of critical opinion in the 1920s predicted that sound film would be a technical novelty that would soon fade from sight, just as had many previous attempts, dating well back before the First World War, to link images with recorded sound.

难句类型:层层追加的复杂修饰+插入成分

本句也是ETS的老套路了,为了把句子变长,就层层追加修饰成分,先又Though it may be difficult to imagine from a later perspective所

谓一个转折的分句,然后主句是a strain of critical opinion in the 1920 s predicted that sound film would be a technical novelty,接着用that引导would soon fade from sight, just as had many previous attempts, dating well back before the First World War, to link images with recorded sound的长句嵌套插入成分,来修饰novelty,但是实际上这些都不是什么重要的成分,大家只要读出来主句结构和句子的核心意思就是以前有一种预言认为有声电影很快就会消失就行了。

译文:

尽管后来人很难理解,但在20世纪20年代,一种批判性的意见预言:有声电影是一种将很快淡出公众视线的科技新事物,就像的许多先前把图像和声音结合起来的尝试,这些尝试可以追溯到次世界大战。

意群训练:

Though it may be difficult to imagine from a later perspective, a strain of critical opinion in the 1920 s predicted that sound film would be a technical novelty that would soon fade from sight, just as had many previous attempts, dating well back before the First World War, to link images with recorded sound.

2

Sociologists view primary groups as bridges between individuals and the larger society because they transmit, mediate, and interpret a society's cultural patterns and provide the sense of oneness so critical for social solidarity.

难句类型:

本句的是一个原因从句修饰主句,Sociologists view primary groups as bridges between individuals and the larger society because,并不难懂,但是原因从句是由两个并列句构成的,中有个并列句有三个并列的谓语they transmit, mediate, and interpret a society's cultural patterns,后面又有一个and引导的并列句provide the sense of oneness so critical for social solidarity.,这样句子结构就复杂了。

译文:

社会学家认为主要团体是个人和社会之间的桥梁,因为主要团体传播和解释社会文化模式,并为社会提供统一意识,这对社会的团结是十分重要的。

意群训练:

Sociologists view primary groups as bridges between individuals and the larger society because they transmit, mediate, and interpret a society's cultural patterns and provide the sense of oneness so critical for social solidarity。

3

The relations between animal activity and these periods, particularly for the daily rhythms, have been of such interest and importance that a huge amount of work has been done on them and the special research field of chronobiology has emerged.

难句类型:插入成分+复杂修饰从句+并列句

本句的主句结构是The relationshave been of such interestand importance and the special research field of chronobiology has emerged其实并不难,就是一个并列句而已。但是The relations后面由between animal activity and these periods来修饰,紧跟着一个插入成 分particularly for the daily rhythms来限制缩小一下范围,这样把主语和谓语割裂开来have been of such interest and importance后面用that引导一个从句a huge amount of work has been done on them来修饰interest和importance,后再用一个and引导的并列分句the special research field of chronobiology has emerged来结束句子。

译文:

因此,生物功能的时机和节奏和周期性的事物,如,太阳日,潮汐,月晕周期和季节,是紧密联系的。

动物活动和这些周期性事件的关系,特别是日间的节奏,是非常有意思和重要的,因此现在有很多人致力于研究这种关系,并且专门研究这种关系的项目已经出现,叫做时间生物学。

意群训练:

The relationsbetween animal activity and these periods, particularly for the daily rhythms, have been of such interestand importance that a huge amount of work has been done on them and the special research field of chronobiology has emerged.

4

Normally, the constantly changing levels of an animal's activity—sleeping, feeding, moving, reproducing, metabolizing, and producing enzymes and hormones, for example—are well coordinated with environmental rhythms, but the key question is whether the animal's schedule is driven by external cues, such as sunrise or sunset, or is instead dependent somehow on internal timers that themselves generate the observed biological rhythms.


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